Fundamental painting techniques you need to know to get you creating your masterpiece.
1. Decide on the composition of your painting
The first step in any painting is deciding on the composition or the overall layout of the piece. It includes choosing the painting’s size, shape, and format and the subject matter. The composition will determine how you arrange the elements within the painting, so it’s important to consider this before getting started.
2. Choose your colors
Once you’ve decided on the composition, it’s time to choose your colors. It can be a tough decision, but it’s important to consider the practicalities (e.g., what color will best suit my subject matter?) and the aesthetics (e.g., what color combinations will create the mood I’m going for?).
3. Decide on a brush
Now that you’ve chosen your colors, it’s time to decide on a brush. There are various brushes available, and each has its advantages and disadvantages. The type of brush you choose will depend on the effect you’re hoping to achieve.
4. Paint your background first
One of the most important painting techniques is to paint your background first. It helps establish the overall tone and mood of the piece and provides a base for the rest of the painting.
5. Work from light to dark
When it comes to painting, it’s important to work from light to dark. It helps you create depth and dimension in your painting.
6. Use layers
Another helpful painting technique is to use layers. This means painting one layer of color over another, allowing the first layer to show through in places that can create a more interesting and complex painting.
7. Add details last
The final step in creating your painting is to add the finishing touches, such as details and highlights. This is where you bring the painting to life and make it your own.
8. Building up texture
One way to add interest and depth to your painting is to build up texture by using a variety of different painting techniques, such as impasto (painting with thick, textured paint), stippling (dots of color), or hatching (short, parallel lines).
9. Creating a movement
Another important technique for creating a successful painting is to create movement by using a variety of different brushstrokes or by placing the elements in your painting so that the eye is drawn around the composition.
10. Establishing a focal point
A key element of any successful painting is a focal point, an area that the eye is naturally drawn to and helps anchor the composition. The focal point can be anything from a bright color to an interesting shape or texture.
11. Using color effectively
Color is one of the most important tools in a painter’s arsenal to create mood, contrast, and harmony in a painting. It’s important to use color deliberately and thoughtfully to achieve the desired effect.
12. Incorporating light and shadow
Light and shadow are essential elements of any painting to create depth, drama, and interest. It’s important to understand how light works to use it effectively in your paintings.
13. Playing with perspective
Perspective is an optical illusion to create the illusion of depth in a painting. It’s a powerful tool to make a painting more interesting and dynamic.
14. Working with pattern
The pattern is another tool to add interest and depth to a painting. It can be created using various techniques, such as stenciling, stamping, or freehand drawing.
15. Trying different mediums
In addition to traditional paint, many other mediums can create a painting. These include pencils, charcoal, pastels, and even digital tools. Experimenting with different mediums is a great way to find the one that best suits your style.